Apple Tree Descriptions

apples grafted on M-7 rootstock. (seedling rootstock available on a few.)

Ashmead's Kernal-medium size, greenish yellow fruit with brown blush, usually covered with a heavy russet. Flat round shape, sometimes slightly conical. Crisp, yellowish flesh; sugary, juicy and aromatic. Tart when tree-ripe, peak flavor quality in early November. Makes excellent tasting cider. Keep 3-4 months. Large precocious tree; ripens late October. Hardy to -40F. Good resistance to scab. Late, high quality dessert apple.

Chestnut Crab- Large cooking and dessert crab apple. Attractive, reddish, bronze fruit. Crisp, juicy, sweet flesh with a pleasing nut like flavor. Excellent fresh; Tree: vigorous, upright but a little weeping. Large white blossoms with good shape and aroma; medium pollen producer. Fruit hangs well and ripens over a long period. Annual bearer. Cedar-apple rust resistant. No disease problems. Hardy to -50 degrees F with occasional winter injury.

Esopus Spitzenburg-Large cooking and dessert crab apple. Attractive, reddish, bronze fruit. Crisp, juicy, sweet flesh with a pleasing nut like flavor. Excellent fresh; Tree: vigorous, upright but a little weeping. Large white blossoms with good shape and aroma; medium pollen producer. Fruit hangs well and ripens over a long period. Annual bearer. Cedar-apple rust resistant. No disease problems. Hardy to -50 degrees F with occasional winter injury.

Golden Russet- Fruit: size medium, W70 x L57 mm; shape intermediate to flat, truncate-conic, convex; skin yellowish russet with occasional bright red tinge, thick; flesh firm crisp, pale yellow; flavor sweet, aromatic, very sugary juice, used for cider, dried apples, fresh eating and cooking. Season late to very late. Excellent keeper. Dec-April. Vigorous, medium to large tree, requires cross-pollination. Scab resistant, suffers little from pests.

Keepsake- Fruit: Unattractive, irregularly shaped, 2.25-2.75" diameter. 90% red. Flesh fine grained, very crisp, juicy, light yellow; aromatic flavor. Very hardy when picked. Mellows with age- peak fresh eating quality in Jan. or Feb. Keeps in storage though April. Ripens mid-Oct. to mid-Nov., depending on location. Tree: moderately vigorous spreading. Resistant to fire blight and cedar apple rust. Hardy through Minnesota, but may not mature in northernmost counties. Withstands temp. -40 degrees F.

Northern Spy- Fruit: size large, W81 x L70 mm; shape flat, truncate-conic, convex, ribbed at the calyx basin, slightly ribbed on the body; skin greenish yellow blushed pinkish red with occasional russet patches; flesh firm, fine, yellowish white; flavor subacid; harvest season very late; tree upright. Very hardy. Tends to bear biennially. Keeps into March; the month of May if temperature is regulated. Remarkably fresh after storage. Excellent quality.

Rhode Island Greening- Fruit: size medium to large, W67-78 x L54-66 mm; shape flat, rectangular convex, ribbed at the calyx basin and on the body; skin yellowish green with occasional orange flush, russet at the calyx end, pale dots, greasy; flesh firm, fine, greenish yellow; flavor acid; harvest season very late, triploid, needs pollinator. Large, spreading, vigorous, productive, long-lived tree, biennial cropping. Excellent for cooking and drying. Third most important in New York.

Roxbury Russet- Fruit: size medium to large, 65-75 mm; skin light green 5-60% dull orange blush, 10-40% brown russet, sometimes cracks; shape round-conic; flesh firm, light yellow; flavor slightly acid; eating quality fair to good; harvest season late October, 3 weeks after Delicious; long storage life. Tree: productive; fruits drop. Green and Russet . R.D. Way, 1992. Perhaps even better tasting than Golden Russet. Late winter dessert. Jan. to June

Wealthy- Fruit: size variable; up to 2 1/2 in. in diameter, 2 in. long; oblate; skin light yellow, brightly splashed with deep red, thin, tough, glossy, smooth; dots many, conspicuous; flesh white with yellow-greenish tinge, firm, juicy, tender, crisp subacid; aroma distinct; quality good; keeping quality medium; ripens early, first 2 weeks in July in Ohio, with Yellow Transparent; resembles Wealthy. Tree; size medium; vigorous, upright; hardy; productive and regular bearer.

William's Pride- Fruit: 67-76 mm plus; variable size; round to conic, variab- le shape; lime green to pale yellow ground; washed & faintly striped, bright, 70-90% med. to dark red or purple-red; cons picuous, slightly sunken lenticels; med. to coarse grained, cream colored, firm very crisp & breaking flesh; mod. to mildly sub-acid, slightly spicy, full, rich flavor; juicy; excellent summer dessert quality. Suggested for advanced commercial testing on soils where nutrient deficiencies do no predispose trees to bitter pit. Not recommended on MM- 111 rootstock or under high nitrogen fertilization.

Cider Apples-

Chisel Jersey- Bittersweet fruit is green with red blush. Used to make cider of full body, good flavor and aroma. Tree is vigorous, heavy though somewhat biennial bearer. Branch spreaders should be used to avoid narrow crotch angles. Blooms late.

Dabinett- Fruit: Bittersweet cider; size small 40-65 mm; skin 70-90% dull red striped; shape round-oblate; flesh firm, cream colored; exposed flesh oxidizes quickly; flavor subacid, astringent; eating quality poor; harvest season mid-October. Tree: medium productivity; extremely alternate cropping; fruits drop from tree as they ripen; fire blight susceptibility rating 7. Cider.

Ellis Bitter-

Foxwhelp- Fruit: size large, 80-90 mm, one of largest cider cultivars; skin 40-80% red, dull stripe, not attractive; shape round- oblate; flesh semifirm, cream colored; flavor slightly acid, astringent; eating quality poor; harvest season early September, 1 week before Delicious. Tree: non-precocious cropping; low productivity; fruits drop before ripe; leaf mottling, symptoms of apple mosaic virus. Cider.

Kingston Black-  Famous English cider apple - one of only three English varieties used as a single-variety cider. Classed as bitter sharp. Medium size, round fruit. Crimson to purplish over yellowish orange background color. Strongly astringent aftertaste. Makes a distinctively flavored cider without blending. Vigorous rounded tree. Somewhat hard to grow. Ripens from mid-September to mid-October depending on location. Subject to scab and canker.

Medaille d'Or-

Yarlington mill-